The start of the 2023 school year is already being prepared and the equation is proving complicated. The 2023 finance bill, broken down with the distribution of resources to the academies that has just been transmitted by the Ministry of national education, provides that 1,500 teaching posts will be cut in public education at the start of the 2023 school year; 500 in private education under contract.
The ministry prefers to count in “means of teaching”, which makes it possible to reduce the deletions, taking into account the compensatory reinforcement of trainee teachers. With this more favorable reading grid, public schools, hitherto spared to allow the splitting of large section, CP and CE1 classes in priority education and the capping at 24 students per class everywhere in France, will have 667 less teaching resources.
In the second degree, 498 less teaching resources are planned in colleges and high schools. At the same time, 100 CPE (senior education adviser) positions must also be created to “Improve the school climate” as well as 4,000 full-time equivalents of support staff for students with disabilities.
The drop in the number of students justifies the job cuts for Rue de Grenelle. In view of the reduction in the number of births, the national education system expects to lose 500,000 pupils (out of 12 million today) between 2022 and 2027. For the start of the 2023 school year, the ministry forecasts 64,000 fewer pupils in the schools (– 50,000 already in 2022) and 800 in colleges and high schools. The schooling of 20,000 Ukrainian children since February 2022 has somewhat temporized this drop in numbers.
The academies of Lille and Paris more affected
Not all academies are in the same boat. Those of Lille and Paris, which see their number of pupils particularly reduced, are more affected. They respectively lose 150 and 155 means of education in the first degree and 160 and 182 in the second degree.
Edouard Geffray, the director general of school education, however, believes that these reductions are “disproportionate to the demographic decline” : “If we had applied a simple rule of three, 5,000 jobs would have had to be eliminated. »
According to ministerial statistics, the supervision rate is increasing despite everything in the first degree. It should increase to 5.98 teachers per 100 pupils in 2023, according to forecasts, against 5.46 in 2017. At the same time, the national average of the number of pupils per class in primary school decreases, from 23.2 in 21.7 in 2022.
The unions are concerned about these announcements. The SNUipp-FSU considers that “this school map turns its back on the issues and the real needs of the public education service to reduce educational inequalities”. For the SE-UNSA, it would be necessary “take advantage of the demographic decline to meet the needs of students and the public education service”particularly with regard to replacements.
Schools will know more about their endowment in the first months of 2023.