ISRO’s XPoSat Satellite Successfully Launched, Minister Declares Start of 2024 in Style!

**ISRO’s XPoSat Satellite Successfully Launched: An Insight into India’s 2024 Space Missions**

India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has started off the year 2024 with a remarkable accomplishment – the successful launch of its first X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite, XPoSat. This significant milestone marks a new phase of space exploration as the satellite embarks on a mission to delve into the mysteries of celestial bodies, particularly black holes and other enigmatic cosmic phenomena. Let’s delve into the details of this groundbreaking event and gain an understanding of ISRO‘s upcoming missions in 2024.

**ISRO’s Leap into Groundbreaking Research with XPoSat**

The PSLV-C58 rocket, in its 60th mission, soared into the skies carrying the primary payload XPoSat and 10 other satellites destined for low earth orbits. This launch represents a significant step for ISRO as XPoSat is the first dedicated scientific satellite from the organization geared towards conducting research in space-based polarisation measurements of X-ray emission from celestial sources. The mission aims to unravel the dynamics of bright astronomical X-ray sources in extreme conditions, providing invaluable insights into the enigmatic world of black holes and other cosmic entities.

**Unveiling the Objectives of the XPoSat Mission**

The XPoSat mission is poised to achieve three key objectives, each crucial in advancing our understanding of celestial phenomena:

1. **Polarisation Measurement**: The XPoSat will measure polarisation of X-rays in the energy band 8-30keV emanating from about 50 potential cosmic sources through Thomson Scattering by POLIX payload.

2. **Spectral and Temporal Studies**: It will carry out long term spectral and temporal studies of cosmic X-ray sources in the energy band 0.8-15keV by XSPECT payload.

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3. **Polarisation and Spectroscopic Measurements**: XPoSat will also conduct polarisation and spectroscopic measurements of X-ray emissions from cosmic sources by POLIX and XSPECT payloads respectively in the common energy band.

**A Glance into ISRO’s Upcoming 2024 Missions**

As ISRO celebrates the resounding success of the XPoSat launch, the organization has an exciting lineup of missions for the year 2024:

– **NISAR**: The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) project is set to launch a dual-frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite aimed at remote sensing.
– **INSAT 3DS**: An integral component of the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) series created by ISRO, INSAT 3DS is scheduled for a prospective launch.
– **Gaganyaan 1**: This collaborative endeavor between ISRO and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) marks India’s maiden manned space mission, aimed at launching humans into space.
– **Mangalyaan-2 (MOM 2)**: ISRO’s second Mars planet mission will be focused on studying the surface, atmosphere, and climatic conditions of Mars.
– **Shukrayaan-1 (Venus Orbiter Mission)**: ISRO plans to launch a spacecraft to orbit the planet Venus, marking India’s first attempt at a mission to the enigmatic planet.

**ISRO’s Ambitious Vision for 2024**

ISRO Chairman S Somanath has articulated an ambitious vision for 2024, aiming to undertake at least 12 missions in the upcoming year. The organization’s focus on pushing the boundaries of space exploration and scientific research underscores its commitment to advancing the frontiers of space technology and understanding the universe.

**Conclusion**

The successful launch of ISRO’s XPoSat satellite and the ambitious plans for 2024 mark a momentous leap in India’s space exploration journey. With a dedicated focus on unraveling the mysteries of the cosmos and venturing into uncharted territories, ISRO continues to solidify its position as a global leader in space exploration and scientific research. The upcoming missions hold the promise of groundbreaking discoveries and furthering our understanding of the universe, ushering in an era of unparalleled scientific achievements for India’s space program.

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