Get Ready: The 100-Year Extinction Panic Strikes Again!

Throughout history, concerns about the potential extinction of humanity have resurfaced repeatedly. From the insightful musings of J.B.S. Haldane to the fears embodied in the literary work of Karel Capek, the anxieties surrounding the survival of humanity have captured the attention of intellectuals and thinkers across different eras. Let’s delve into the historical context and evolution of these extinction panics.

Early Anticipations: A Glimpse into the 20th Century Intellectual Atmosphere

In the early 20th century, the specter of warfare and technological advancements fueled profound apprehensions among prominent intellectuals. J.B.S. Haldane, a pioneering biologist, expressed grave concerns about the potential for annihilation through the utilization of atomic forces, while F.C.S. Schiller, a British philosopher and eugenicist, echoed similar fears about the dire consequences of advancing human knowledge.

Emergence of Technological Fears

Notably, the anxieties surrounding the rise of artificial intelligence and its implications on humanity were not confined to the present day. The 1920 drama “R.U.R.” by Karel Capek vividly depicted a future where artificially intelligent robots orchestrated the downfall of humanity, reflecting concerns that are still relevant in contemporary debates about AI and its ethical implications.

Intertwining of Fiction and Reality

The interplay between fiction and reality is evident in the influential literary works and treatises of that era. R. Austin Freeman’s political treatise “Social Decay and Regeneration” cautioned against the peril of societal degradation driven by technological dependence. Furthermore, the widespread enthusiasm for these cautionary tales, as evidenced by The New York Times’ review, underscores the pervasive fears that permeated society.

Elite Panics: A Lens into Societal Change

Extinction panics can be understood as products of the anxieties of the elite during times of societal transition. These fears, whether rooted in political, social, or economic concerns, often mirror the elite’s apprehensions about preserving their privilege amid profound social transformation.
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A Continuation of Age-Old Fears

The concerns raised by intellectual luminaries of the 20th century echo the contemporary debates surrounding technological advancements, artificial intelligence, and the potential implications for humanity. The persistent recurrence of fears about extinction highlights the timeless nature of these concerns and the enduring impact of societal anxieties.


The historical examination of extinction panics offers valuable insights into the enduring nature of fears about the survival of humanity. By exploring the anxieties, debates, and admonitions of the past, we gain a deeper understanding of our current concerns about the trajectory of technological advancements and their profound implications for the future of humanity.


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